Euroelections eligibility

Each Member State has different rules determining who can vote for and run as the European Parliamentary candidates.

Every EU citizen residing in an EU country of which he/she is not a national has the right to vote and to stand as a candidate in European Parliamentary elections in his/her country of residence, under the same conditions as nationals of that country - this right is enshrined in Article 39 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. In addition, the right to vote is included in Articles 20(1) and 22(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

It is therefore possible for a person to have the choice of voting in more than one EU member state. For example, a Portuguese citizen who studies at university in France and lives at home outside term-time in the family home in the United Kingdom has the option of voting in the European Parliamentary election in France, Portugal or the United Kingdom. In this scenario, although the Portuguese citizen qualifies to vote in three EU member states, he/she is only permitted to cast one vote in one of the member states.

Member state Eligible voters Eligible candidates
Austria
  • Austrian citizens who are aged 16 or over on polling day and resident in Austria.
  • Austrian citizens who are aged 16 or over on polling day, resident abroad, and have submitted a notification to be listed in the electoral register of the Austrian commune they were a resident of.
  • European Union citizens aged 16 or over, resident in Austria, and have submitted a notification to be listed in the electoral register of the Austrian commune they are a resident of.
  • Same as on the left; the passive voting age is 18 instead of 16.
Belgium
  • Belgian citizens aged 18 or over on polling day resident in Belgium and entered in the population register of a Belgian commune on or before 31 March 2014.
  • Belgian citizens aged 18 or over on polling day resident outside Belgium, who have sent an application to vote to the Belgian diplomatic or consular post in their country of residence up to 16 days before polling day.
  • European Union citizens resident in Belgium, aged 18 or over on polling day, entered in the population register or in the foreigners' register of their commune of residence and enrolled in the electoral register on or before 31 March 2014.
  • Voting is compulsory and failing to vote can lead to a fine of up to €137.50.
  • European Union citizens aged 21 or over on polling day who speak French, Dutch or German.
Bulgaria
  • Bulgarian citizens who have attained the age of 18 years by polling day, have resided in the Republic of Bulgaria or in another Member State of the European Union at least during the last three months, are not interdicted and do not serve a custodial sentence.
  • Each national of a Member State of the European Union, who is not a Bulgarian citizen, shall have the right to elect Members of the European Parliament for the Republic of Bulgaria if the said person has attained the age of 18 years by polling day, is not interdicted, does not serve a custodial sentence, enjoys a durable or permanent residence status for the Republic of Bulgaria, has resided in the Republic of Bulgaria or in another Member State of the European Union at least during the last three months, is not deprived of the right to elect in the Member State of which the person is a national, and has stated in advance, by a declaration in writing, the desire thereof to exercise his or her right to vote within the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria.
  • Bulgarian citizen who has attained the age of 21 years by polling day, does not hold the citizenship of any State which is not a Member State of the European Union, is not interdicted, does not serve a custodial sentence, has a permanent address in the Republic of Bulgaria, and has resided in the Republic of Bulgaria of in another Member State of the European Union at least during the last six months.
  • Any national of a Member State of the European Union, who is not a Bulgarian citizen, has attained the age of 21 years by polling day, does not hold the citizenship of any State which is not a Member State of the European Union, is not interdicted, does not serve a custodial sentence, is not deprived of the right to be elected in the Member State of which the person is a national, enjoys a durable or permanent residence status for the Republic of Bulgaria, has resided in the Republic of Bulgaria or in another Member State of the European Union at least during the last six months, and has stated, by a declaration in writing, the desire thereof to be elected.
Croatia
  • Croatian citizens
  • European Union citizens resident in Croatia enrolled in the electoral register at least 30 days before the election.
  • European Union citizens resident in Croatia enrolled in the electoral register at least 30 days before the election.
Czech Republic
  • European Union citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are registered in the register of citizens for at least 45 days before polling day, unless a statutory limitation is imposed for reasons of protection of health or withdrawal or legal capacity.
  • European Union citizens.
Denmark
  • Danish citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are resident in Denmark or another EU member state, unless deprived of legal capacity.
  • European Union citizens aged 18 or over on polling day and resident in Denmark, unless deprived of legal capacity.
  • European Union citizens eligible to vote, unless they have been convicted of an action which in the public opinion makes them unworthy of being a member of the European Parliament.
Estonia
  • European Union citizens aged 18 or over on polling day and whose address is entered in the population register. A person who has been divested of their active legal capacity with regard to the right to vote and a person who has been convicted of a crime and is serving sentence in a penal institution, cannot vote.
  • European Union citizens at least 21 years of age and satisfying the requirements of the right to cast a vote, except members of the Defence Forces.
Finland
  • Every Finnish citizen aged 18 or over on polling day, regardless of domicile.
  • European Union citizens aged 18 or over on polling day and who are enrolled on the voting register in Finland and whose municipality of residence, as defined by law, is in Finland on the 51st day before election day, unless he/she has lost the right to vote in the Member State whose citizen he/she is.
  • Finnish citizens entitled to vote and not legally incompetent.
  • European Union citizens who are entitled to vote, registered with and entered into the voting register in Finland and not lost the right to stand as a candidate in elections in his/her home state.
France
  • French citizens aged 18 or over on polling day resident in France and enrolled in the electoral register on or before 31 December 2013.
  • French citizens aged 18 or over on polling day resident outside France and entered either in the consular register of electors (la liste électorale consulaire) or in the register of a municipality with which they are related (place of birth, last residence in France, municipality of one of forebears, spouse or relatives, municipality where they own a residence or pay local taxes) on or before 31 December 2013.
  • European Union citizens resident in France, aged 18 or over on polling day and enrolled in the electoral register on or before 31 December 2013.
  • European Union citizens aged 23 or over.
Germany
  • European Union citizens aged 18 or over on polling day resident in Germany, if they are resident in member states of the European Union for at least three months.
  • Additionally, German citizens aged 18 or over who have lived in Germany for at least three consecutive months within the last 25 years when they were at least aged 14.
  • European Union citizens aged 18 or over.
Greece
  • Greek citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are resident in Greece and registered in the electoral roll in a Greek municipality or community, unless deprived of legal capacity.
  • Greek citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are resident in another EU member state, registered in the electoral roll in a Greek municipality or community and have submitted an application to vote overseas to the Greek embassy or consulate in their country of residence on or before 31 March 2014, unless deprived of legal capacity.
  • European Union citizens aged 18 or over on polling day, resident in Greece and registered in the electoral roll on or before 3 March 2014.
  • Voting is compulsory.
  • European Union citizens aged 25 or over, unless deprived of legal capacity.
Ireland
  • European Union citizens who are ordinarily resident in the Republic of Ireland on 1 September 2013, aged 18 or over on polling day and included on the Register of Electors.
  • Irish citizens who are officials on duty abroad (and their spouses) who are registered on the postal voters list.
  • European Union citizens over the age of 21, not otherwise disqualified from election to the Dáil.
Italy
  • Italian and European Union citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are resident in Italy and enrolled in the electoral list of their town of residence up to 19 days before polling day.
  • Italian citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are resident in other EU member states and have submitted an application to the Italian consulate up to 18 days before polling day.
  • Italian citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are resident outside the European Union for the purpose of work, study or living with family and have submitted an application to the Italian consulate up to 18 days before polling day.
  • European Union citizens aged 25 or over on polling day and not deprived of the right to stand in their home country.
Luxembourg
  • Luxembourgian citizens aged 18 or over on polling day resident in Luxembourg or overseas and enrolled in the electoral list up to 87 days before polling day.
  • European Union citizens resident in Luxembourg for at least 2 years, aged 18 or over on polling day and enrolled in the electoral list up to 87 days before polling day.
  • Voting is compulsory.
  • Luxembourgian citizens aged 18 or over on polling day and resident in Luxembourg.
  • European Union citizens aged 18 or over on polling day and resident in Luxembourg for at least 5 years.
Netherlands
  • Dutch citizens aged 18 or over on polling day.
  • European Union citizens resident in the Netherlands, aged 18 or over on polling day and not deprived of the right to stand in their home country.
  • Dutch citizens aged 18 or over on polling day.
  • European Union citizens resident in the Netherlands aged 18 or over on polling day and not deprived of the right to stand in their home country.
Poland
  • Polish citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are resident outside Poland and registered to vote.
  • European Union citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are resident in Poland and registered to vote.
  • European Union citizens aged 21 or over on polling day and resident in Poland or the European Union for at least 5 years, were never sentenced for a crime committed consciously or accused by a prosecutor.
Portugal
  • European Union citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are resident in Portugal and registered to vote.
  • Portuguese citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are resident outside Portugal and registered to vote.
  • European Union citizens.
Spain
  • Spanish citizens aged 18 or over on polling day.
  • European Union citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are recorded in the register kept by the Municipal Council of their municipality of residence (Padrón) and have formally expressed their wish to vote in the European Parliament election in Spain.
  • European Union citizens.
Sweden
  • Swedish citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are, or at some time have been, registered residents in Sweden.
  • European Union citizens aged 18 or over on polling day who are current registered residents in Sweden and have submitted a notification to be listed on the electoral roll.
  • European Union citizens.
United Kingdom
  • British, Irish and Commonwealth citizens (including citizens of Cyprus and Malta) living in the UK who are registered to vote and are aged 18 or over on polling day.
  • European Union citizens (except British, Cypriot, Irish and Maltese citizens) living in the UK who are registered to vote, aged 18 or over on polling day and have submitted a European Parliament voter registration form.
  • British, Irish and Commonwealth citizens (including citizens of Cyprus and Malta) registered to vote at their ordinary address in the UK but temporarily away (for example, away working, on holiday, in student accommodation or in hospital), and are aged 18 or over on polling day.
  • European Union citizens registered to vote (except British, Cypriot, Irish and Maltese citizens) at their ordinary address in the UK but temporarily away (for example, away working, on holiday, in student accommodation or in hospital), who are aged 18 or over on polling day and have submitted a European Parliament voter registration form.
  • British citizens living outside the UK who are registered to vote as overseas electors.
  • British, Cypriot, Irish and Maltese citizens aged 18 or over on the day they submit their nomination papers.
  • European Union citizens aged 18 or over on the day they submit their nomination papers whose home address is in the UK.
  • Commonwealth citizens with indefinite leave to remain or who do not need leave to remain in the UK and are aged 18 or over on the day they submit their nomination papers.