Election of Members of the European Parliament
The European Parliament shall be composed of representatives of the Union's citizens. Their number does not exceed 750 plus the President. Today the total number of parliament members is 766 (754 since 2014 +12 Croats).
Representation of citizens shall be proportionate in descending order, with a minimum of six members per Member State. No Member State shall allocate more than 96 seats.
Since 1979, Members of European Parliament (MEPs) are elected for five years by direct, universal, free and secret ballot.
Each country decides on its own electoral law on elections.
European elections are held by proportional representation.
Age for voting is 18 years, except Austria, where it is 16.
- What changes in the elections of 2014?
- What Members of European Parliament (MEPs) ask for?
- Parties involved in elections 2014
- The Lisbon Treaty has strengthened the powers of Parliament.
- New rules have been applied for the election of the Commission President who is elected by the European Parliament on the outcome of the European elections.
- European parties are eligible to participate in elections.
- Individual candidates may apply for the Presidency of the Commission.
- Particularly critical political juncture as for the economic crisis and the dramatic unemployment.
- "Europe" is present in every act of our daily lives.
- More democracy
- Strengthening legalization
- Greater involvement of citizens in the European "common"
GIANNAKOU report regarding the status and funding of European political parties and European political foundations
- Establishing a specialized and unified European legal statute for European political parties and their political institutions.
- Organizing uniformity of European political parties.
- Right to establish a European party only for national or regional parties.
- Requirement of representation at least in seven Member States.
- To finance a political party must have at least one representative in the European Parliament.
DUFF report of 20 September 1976 on the proposal to amend the act concerning the election of members of the European Parliament by direct and universal ballot
- 25 MEPs to be elected by a single region consisting of the whole territory of the European Union
- Pan-European ballots will consist of candidates coming from at least one third of the Member States and may ensure adequate gender representation
- Each voter may give one vote to the Pan-European ballot apart from his vote for the national or regional ballot
- The reallocation of existing 751 seats among the states is determined
DUFF report on improving the organization of elections for the European Parliament in 2014
- The national political parties shall inform citizens about their political affinity with a European political party, and their support for its candidate for the office of President of the Commission and his/her political program.
- European political parties shall nominate their candidates for the presidency of the Commission in good time before the election in order to be able to organize a major European-wide campaign.
- The European political groups shall appear on ballots.
- Political parties shall ensure that the names of the candidates for election to the European Parliament shall be notified at least six weeks before the start of the election.
- Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists (abbr. AECR), website: www.aecr.eu
- Alliance of European National Movements (abbr. AENM), website: aemn.eu
- Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (abbr. ALDE), website: www.aldeparty.eu
- European Alliance for Freedom (abbr. EAF), website: www.eurallfree.org
- European Christian political Movement (abbr. ECPM), website: www.ecpm.info
- European Free Alliance (abbr. EFA), website: www.e-f-a.org
- European Green Party (abbr. EGP), website: europeangreens.eu
- European Peopleʼs Party (abbr. EPP), website: www.epp.eu
- Europeans United for Democracy (abbr. EUD), website: www.eudemocrats.org
- Party of European Left (abbr. EL), website: www.european-left.org
- Party of European Socialists (abbr. PES), website: www.pes.eu
- Movement for a Europe of Liberties and Democracy (abbr. MELD), website: www.meldeuropa.com
* Political parties are presented in alphabetical order based on their names.